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  PoS   WORD HIS EDU SOC LAW HUM PHIL SCI MED BUS
1  J    SUBORDINATE 268 48 208 154 160 142 167 15 7
2  J    ENSUING 188 45 108 97 92 67 107 37 19
3  V    MERIT 98 83 129 122 86 114 109 34 19
4  N    SCARCITY 168 38 221 305 66 97 289 25 27
5  N    LOCALE 79 31 193 43 129 59 153 45 34
6  V    AFFILIATE 127 65 171 56 54 69 83 59 39
7  J    HOLISTIC 109 212 225 59 114 230 126 156 9
8  N    TENET 167 99 177 141 143 182 89 27 32
9  N    RIGOR 59 103 140 74 120 86 118 40 16
10  J    DISCRETE 115 170 230 85 183 109 530 79 15
 

the USA (men and women's national teams and Major League Soccer) have created a need to determine a better understanding of specific psychological characteristics of players. Granted, a competitive mindset is advantageous to compete successfully in sports (Frederick, C.M. &; Ryan, R.M., 1993), but limited research has been directed toward defining the competitive mindset of young elite soccer players. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate motivational characteristics of that group and ascertain if age or the position played impacted those traits. Following written informed consent, 66 elite, young male soccer players from two age groups completed the Sports Attitude Inventory (Willis, 1992) and Levenson's Locus of Control Scale (Levenson, 1981). Data were grouped for analyses by birth years and primary position played (forward, midfielder, defender or goalkeeper). Statistical analysis indicated a significant effect by age, but not by position. Univariate results indicated that older players

 
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[ACADEMIC] Physical Educator (2004)